Towards Interoperability of the Electronic Road Toll Systems in the European Union. Case of Poland
PublisherUniversity of Zilina
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The road toll is a significant tool of transport politics due to its economic and social characteristics. Both of those fields search for integrity in activities for a balanced transport. While the road toll is an attempt of the country for internalisation of external transportation costs, the method of collecting the toll is a factor of improvement of public roads. The electronic road toll system (EETS) fulfils those purposes, under the condition of interoperability. The article describes the functionality of the road toll, its meaning for the internalisation of external costs, the interoperability of systems which collect road tolls in EU, and the results of incorporation of the electronic road toll systems in Poland. Subject literature, EU law regulations and institutional data were used in the elaboration.