Influence of meteorological conditions on aircraft take - off and landing
PublisherUniversity of Zilina
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The division of meteorology is an integral part of aviation that informs about meteorological phenomena and defines their nature. This article focuses on the types of meteorological conditions with which the aircraft comes into contact during the flight, with a closer focus on the take-off and landing phases of the aircraft. The topic of meteorological conditions and their effects was chosen due to the enormous importance of this segment of aviation for the safety and operation of air traffic. The paper has a theoretical character and approaches the connection between individual meteorological conditions and their effect on the behavior of the aircraft. For air safety, a proper interpretation and subsequent adaptation to the corresponding weather events and deviations from standard conditions is essential. The aim of the publication is to define the basic meteorological conditions, weather phenomena and to underline their considerable importance for air traffic. The final part is devoted to the analysis of air accidents during takeoff and landing, which were caused by adverse weather conditions and their underestimation.